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A complication of Type 1 diabetes called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) can causes changes in a child’s brain matter.
According to The Medical Daily, diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States.
Between 20 and 30 percent of those newly diagnosed with diabetes will experience DKA. These changes can lead to a decrease in the child’s memory and attention.
According to Headlines and Global News, to make their findings, researchers looked at 36 children with DKA and 59 who did not have DKA. They had all been recently diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes.
All of the children had MRIs two days, five days 28 days and six months after being diagnosed. Researchers found a reduction in gray matter in the brains of children with DKA.
Although the brain changes resolved themselves, the children had a delayed memory recall and had lower attention scores for at least six months.
Type 1 diabetes is on the rise with 30,000 adults and children being diagnosed each year. The disease is commonly known to affect young people and occurs when the immune system attacks the body’s insulin making cells.
Further research is being conducted to better understand this type of diabetes as well as how to prevent DKA.